Saitama City is the prefectural capital located in the southeastern area of Saitama Prefecture. It was created in 2001 by merging the cities of Urawa, Omiya and Yono, and later Iwatsuki city.
Saitama City has 6 designated Sister/Friendship cities:
- Toluca, Mexico State, The United Mexican States (sister-city since 1979)
- Zhengzhou, Henan Province, The People's Republic of China (friendship-city since 1981)
- Hamilton, New Zealand (sister-city since 1984)
- Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A (sister-city since 1994)
- Nanaimo, Canada (friendship-city since 1996)
- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. (sister-city since 1998)